A federal district judge ruled yesterday that the structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) violates the Constitution, countering a January ruling from a federal appeals court, The Hill reported. Judge Loretta Preska of the Southern District of New York ruled that the CFPB’s creation as an independent agency with a director that could only be dismissed for wrongdoing was unconstitutional. In January, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled that the CFPB’s structure was constitutional, reversing a 2016 verdict issued by a panel of the court’s judges. The appeals court’s initial opinion, written by Judge Brett Kavanaugh, sought to fix the issue by ruling that the CFPB director could be fired at will. Preska, an appointee of former President George H.W. Bush, concurred with part of the D.C. appellate court’s initial ruling against the CFPB, which held that the agency “is unconstitutionally structured because it is an independent agency that exercises substantial executive power and is headed by a single Director.” She ruled that the entire section of the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act that established the CFPB should be stricken, and she dismissed the CFPB from the case, which was filed in May 2017 by then-New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman (D). Preska did not issue an order to shut down the bureau.