11th Circuit

Alabama Judges Narrow Northington to Aid Owners of Pawned Automobiles

Whether there had been a default before the chapter 13 filing was pivotal to the debtor’s right to retain a pawned car.

General Discharge Barred Suing the Debtor to Collect a Nondischargeable Debt

The Eleventh Circuit narrowed its Jet Florida rule that allowed suing a discharged debtor as nominal defendant.

Only Noncitizens with ‘Green Cards’ Qualify for a Florida Homestead Exemption

Intending to reside permanently in the U.S. won’t qualify someone for a Florida homestead exemption unless the debtor is entitled to permanent residency.

Individual Chapter 11 Debtors Have Standing to Raise Thirteenth Amendment Claims

The Eleventh Circuit was ‘skeptical’ about a violation of the anti-slavery amendment resulting from the appointment of a chapter 11 trustee to oust an individual chapter 11 debtor in possession.

Circuits Split on Applying Derivative Jurisdiction to a Lack of Personal Jurisdiction

In a removed action, nationwide service under Bankruptcy Rule 7004 can give a district court personal jurisdiction, even though the state court would lack personal jurisdiction.

Rule 54(b) Can’t Be Used to Certify an Interlocutory Appeal to the Circuit

Federal Rule 54(b) is not an alternative to 28 U.S.C. § 158(a)(3) and Bankruptcy Rule 8004 for certifying an interlocutory appeal.

Sanction for Discharge Violation: $450 in Actual Damages and $10,000 for Attorneys’ Fees

When there’s ‘no fair ground of doubt’ about a discharge violation, the creditor should settle or make an offer of settlement to avoid larger damages after trial.

Court Narrowly Construes Taggart to Find Contempt of the Discharge Injunction

Atlanta judge gave the benefit of the doubt to the debtor on a discharge violation, but limited damages to the recovery of attorneys’ fees.

Follow the Rules or Lose an Exemption in a New Home While in Chapter 13

Chapter 13 debtors lost an exemption in a new home after converting to chapter 7 because they didn’t follow the rules.

Eleventh Circuit Bans Chapter 11 Debtors from Receiving ‘PPP’ Loans

The Eleventh Circuit decided that the SBA acted within its rulemaking power by precluding chapter 11 debtors from receiving PPP loans under the CARES Act.